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Tivissa-Vandellòs Mountains

The Tivissa-Vandellòs mountains are a group of mountain ranges in the Catalan Pre- Coastal mountain range. Its name comes from the fact that most of the mountains are located within the boundaries of the municipalities of Tivissa and Vandellòs i L'Hospitalet de l'Infant.

They are dry, arid and almost uninhabited mountains that stand out especially for the erosive processes on the limestone rock.

These mountain ranges formed in a shallow, warm sea in the Jurassic (more than 200 million years ago). This is why we find fossils of the molluscs and crustaceans that lived there, such as ammonites and belemnites, among others. The rocks are limestone and dolomites that dissolve with rainwater, forming karstic reliefs, where we find chasms, caves, grottoes, hollow rocks, torms and solids. The stratification of these mountains and the intercalation of more clayey levels favours the presence of water springs (fountains and wetlands), natural pools (cocones), millstones, graos, walls, plains and portezuelas.

A good example of natural art is the Genesías millstone, whose shape makes it a landmark in the landscape. Also noteworthy are the Avencs-Molló Puntaire mountain range, which looks like a real mountain range due to the numerous teeth that give shape to this group, and the Castelló and Vandellòs graos, with their considerable cliffs.

Thanks to its proximity to the Mediterranean Sea, and with heights of up to 727 metres (Molló Puntaire), it is a territory with a variety of surprising ecosystems and landscapes. Moreover, this is a protected natural area that allows us to enjoy the valleys and steep mountains, ideal for climbing.

The landscape is dominated by a series of dry stone margins, most of them abandoned today, which bear witness to the intense agricultural activity of the past. Linked to the agricultural activity we also find dirt tracks, many of them cobbled, which were used for communication between the villages or to access the different crops. Of historical value are the various abandoned villages (Castelló, Masdevalenti, Fatxes and Gavadà), today practically in a state of ruin, which bear witness to the type of settlement typical of this territory from the Middle Ages until the 1960s.

The Genesias millstone and the graos of Vandellòs represent identity values at a local level, while the mountainous area, seen from the Camp de Tarragona, represents part of the background scenery, with which the inhabitants of the Costa Daurada feel highly identified.

To enter the mountains of Tivissa-Vandellòs is not only to enter a typically Mediterranean landscape, but also a great balcony overlooking the sea from where you can enjoy some of the best panoramic views of the Costa Dorada.